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The Fitties Blog

Ultimate Guide to Probiotics: Benefits, Consumption, and Proper Storage

September 09, 2023 | Supplements and Nutrition

Probiotics. This buzzword has been making waves in the world of nutrition and health for some time now, often heralded as the magic potion for a multitude of health woes. But what exactly are these invisible superheroes and how do they work their magic in our bodies? More importantly, how can we ensure they work effectively to optimize our wellbeing? We’ll address these questions and more in this ultimate guide to probiotics.

The term ‘probiotics’ is derived from the Latin word ‘pro’, meaning ‘for’, and ‘biotic’, which means ‘life’. Quite literally, probiotics are ‘for life’. They are live microorganisms—specifically, beneficial bacteria and yeasts—that when consumed in the right quantities, can provide numerous health benefits. From improving digestive health to boosting immunity and even supporting mental wellbeing, these tiny, invisible allies work tirelessly to keep our bodies in balance.

Our bodies, especially our gut, are already teeming with a complex community of trillions of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are the ‘good guys’ who help maintain a healthy balance in this community, known as the gut microbiome. They keep the harmful bacteria in check, aid in the digestion of food, and even play a role in the production of certain vitamins.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of probiotics, exploring their numerous health benefits, and the best ways to consume and store them. We’ll also shed light on how you can maximize their potential to support your health and wellbeing.

Comprehensive Overview of Probiotics

What Are Probiotics?

Think of probiotics as the friendly, microscopic champions that inhabit our gut and help to keep our bodies in balance. These tiny superheroes are live bacteria and yeasts that, when present in the right balance, play a key role in maintaining our overall health. But don’t worry, these aren’t the harmful bacteria that cause infections. Instead, they’re beneficial microorganisms that support our wellbeing in myriad ways.

The universe of probiotics is vast and diverse. There are many different types of probiotics, each with their unique characteristics and benefits. Most of these belong to two main groups: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium.

Lactobacillus, which is the most common type, is usually found in fermented foods like yogurt and is known to help with lactose digestion and diarrhea. Bifidobacterium, on the other hand, can be found in some dairy products and may ease symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other conditions.

It’s also worth noting that each group comprises different species, and each species has numerous strains. Different strains of the same species of probiotics can have different effects. For instance, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, a well-studied strain, can help with gut health and immunity, whereas Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 is renowned for its benefits in vaginal health.

How Probiotics Work

So, how do these tiny creatures exert their beneficial effects on our health? The answer lies in our gut, where a complex community of microorganisms, known as the gut microbiome, resides. This ecosystem is incredibly diverse, hosting hundreds of different species of bacteria, both beneficial and harmful.

Probiotics work by keeping this delicate microbiome in balance. They help to maintain a healthy ratio of good to bad bacteria, which is essential for our overall health. If the balance is disrupted—say, by illness, medication, or poor diet—the harmful bacteria can take over, leading to a host of health problems.

The way probiotics work is multifold. They can prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria by competing for the same nutrients and space. Some probiotics can also produce substances that lower the pH in the gut, creating an inhospitable environment for harmful bacteria. Additionally, they play a role in supporting our immune system, promoting a healthy inflammatory response, and even communicating with our brain through the gut-brain axis.

Benefits of Probiotics

Probiotics offer a plethora of health benefits, some of which are well-established, while others are still being explored:

  1. Digestive Health: Probiotics can help manage a range of digestive issues. They can ease symptoms of IBS, accelerate the recovery from antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and may even play a role in managing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  2. Mental Health: The burgeoning field of psychobiotics explores the role of probiotics in mental health. Emerging research suggests a connection between gut health and mood disorders, with probiotics playing a potential role in managing conditions like depression and anxiety.
  3. Immune Function: By balancing the gut microbiota and supporting the health of our gut barrier, probiotics play a crucial role in bolstering our immune system.
  4. Other Benefits: Probiotics have also been associated with weight management, skin health, and reducing the risk of certain chronic diseases, including some forms of cancer and heart disease.

While these benefits paint an impressive picture of probiotics’ potential, it’s crucial to note that their effects are strain-specific and individualized. What works for one person might not work for another, so it’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Who Should Take Probiotics?

While probiotics are generally safe for the majority of people, certain groups may particularly benefit from them. For instance, those with digestive disorders, those who have recently undergone a course of antibiotics (which can disrupt the gut microbiome), or those looking to boost their immune system may find probiotics especially beneficial.

That said, not everyone should jump on the probiotic bandwagon without due consideration. People with compromised immune systems or critical illnesses should exercise caution and always consult a healthcare professional before starting a probiotic regimen. The world of probiotics is complex, and what’s beneficial for one person may not necessarily be so for another. Hence, personalized guidance is crucial to ensure you reap the maximum benefits from these microbial champions.

Best Times and Ways to Take Probiotics

When it comes to probiotics, getting the most benefits is not just about what you take but also about when and how you take them. Let’s look into these aspects in detail.

When to Take Probiotics

Most probiotic supplements come with manufacturer recommendations regarding the best time to take them. However, as a general rule of thumb, probiotics are often best taken shortly before meals. The food buffers the stomach acid and bile, thereby increasing the chances that the probiotics will reach your gut alive.

Keep in mind, though, that timing may vary depending on the specific strain and formulation of your probiotic. For example, some strains might have protective mechanisms that allow them to survive the acidic environment of the stomach, whether taken with food or not.

Above all, consistency is key when taking probiotics. Like regular exercise and a balanced diet, probiotics work best when they’re part of your daily routine.

How to Take Probiotics

Probiotics can come in various forms, including capsules, tablets, powders, and liquids, and even infused into foods like yogurt. Depending on your preference and lifestyle, you might find one form more convenient than another.

Can you take probiotics with other medications or supplements? Generally, probiotics can be taken alongside other supplements without issue. However, if you’re on antibiotic medication, it’s advisable to take probiotics a few hours before or after your antibiotic dose to ensure they don’t get wiped out.

Selecting the Right Probiotic Supplement

When you’re staring at a shelf filled with probiotic supplements, each boasting different strains, strengths, and health claims, it can be overwhelming. Here are a few tips to help you select the right one:

  1. Check the Strains: As we’ve discussed, the health benefits of probiotics are strain-specific. Do some research on the strains contained in the product and whether there’s scientific evidence supporting their benefits.
  2. Look for the CFU Count: This stands for Colony Forming Units and indicates the number of viable bacteria in the supplement. A higher CFU isn’t necessarily better, but you’ll want a product with an adequate amount of effective strains.
  3. Third-Party Testing: Probiotic supplements that have been tested and verified by a third-party can provide assurance of their quality and potency.

It’s worth noting that while supplements can be a great way to add probiotics into your diet, they’re not the only way. Eating a diet rich in fermented foods, such as yogurt, sauerkraut, and kimchi, can also supply your gut with beneficial bacteria.

Best Practices for Taking Probiotics

Now that we’ve covered what probiotics are, their benefits, and how to choose the right supplement, let’s delve into the best practices for taking them.

Pairing Probiotics with Prebiotics

To thrive and exert their beneficial effects, probiotics need to feed on certain types of fiber known as prebiotics. Prebiotics act as fuel for probiotics, helping them to flourish in our gut. Foods rich in prebiotics include onions, garlic, bananas, asparagus, oats, and apples. Pairing your probiotic supplement with a prebiotic-rich meal can give the beneficial bacteria a boost, helping them to survive and thrive.

Incorporating Probiotics into Your Diet

While consuming supplements like Fitties’ FitProbio+ are a straightforward way to get a concentrated dose of high-quality probiotic strains, you shouldn’t overlook the power of probiotic-rich foods. Fermented foods, in particular, are a fantastic source of a variety of probiotics. Here are a few you can incorporate into your meals:

  1. Yogurt: Perhaps the most well-known probiotic-rich food, look for yogurt labeled with “live and active cultures.”
  2. Sauerkraut: This fermented cabbage is not only rich in probiotics but also in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  3. Kimchi: This spicy Korean side dish is made from fermented vegetables and has a unique combination of probiotics and prebiotics.
  4. Kefir: This fermented dairy product is similar to yogurt but with a thinner consistency, making it drinkable.

Monitor Your Body’s Response to Probiotics

While most people can take probiotics without any side effects, everyone’s body responds differently. Some people might experience gas, bloating, or an upset stomach—especially when starting a regimen. These symptoms usually subside as your body adjusts to the new balance of gut bacteria.

It’s also important to monitor how you feel overall. Are you noticing improvements in the health concerns you’re trying to address? If not, you may need to adjust your strain or dosage, or consider a different type of probiotic.

As always, consult with a healthcare provider if you have any concerns or if you’re considering making any significant changes to your supplement routine. They can provide guidance based on your specific health needs and circumstances.

Storage and Care of Probiotics

So you’ve invested in a high-quality probiotic supplement, and you’re committed to improving your gut health. But how do you ensure the live microorganisms in your supplement stay alive and effective? The key lies in proper storage and care.

Understanding Probiotic Labels

A critical first step in ensuring the potency of your probiotics is to read and understand the product label. Look for the words “live and active cultures” to confirm that the product indeed contains live probiotics.

Pay close attention to the expiration date. Unlike some supplements that might still be potent after their expiration date, probiotics are living organisms that can die off over time. Using the product beyond its expiration date could mean a significant reduction in its effectiveness.

Proper Storage of Probiotics

Probiotics are sensitive to their environment, and their viability can be affected by heat, light, and moisture. To protect your probiotics from these elements, it’s generally best to store them in a cool, dry place.

While many probiotics need to be refrigerated to keep the bacteria alive, some newer formulations are shelf-stable. Read the storage instructions on your supplement’s label carefully. If refrigeration is required, be sure to put the probiotics back in the fridge right after you use them.

Shelf-Stable vs. Refrigerated Probiotics

One common question about probiotics is whether to opt for shelf-stable or refrigerated versions. There’s no clear-cut answer—it depends on the specific strains in the product, their preparation, and encapsulation.

Some probiotics are freeze-dried during production, which keeps them stable at room temperature. These can be convenient, especially for those who travel frequently. However, once the bottle is opened, exposure to air and moisture can reduce their viability.

Refrigerated probiotics, on the other hand, have been kept cold to ensure their viability. They can often provide a higher potency than shelf-stable probiotics. But they need to stay cold, which means they might not be the best choice for on-the-go use.

Regardless of whether you choose shelf-stable or refrigerated probiotics, always check the label for the recommended storage conditions and follow them for maximum efficacy. Remember that probiotics are living organisms, and they need the right care to stay alive and beneficial.


There you have it—a comprehensive guide on probiotics. From understanding what they are and the significant role they play in our bodies, to exploring the best practices for choosing, taking, and storing them, we’ve navigated through the vast sea of probiotic information together.

As we’ve seen, these little microbial heroes can have a significant impact on our health, supporting everything from our digestion to our mood and immunity. They remind us of the often-overlooked fact that we’re not just individual organisms but rather complex ecosystems that thrive in symbiosis with these beneficial bacteria.

Choosing to introduce probiotics into your diet, either through food or supplements, is a personal choice that can depend on many factors. If you decide to venture into the world of probiotics, remember that it’s not just about the selection of the right product. The timing, consistent usage, pairing with prebiotics, and proper storage all contribute to making the most of your probiotic journey.

Remember that every body is unique, and there’s no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to probiotics. It’s essential to monitor your body’s response and adjust as needed. And of course, when in doubt, reach out to a healthcare provider who can guide you based on your individual health needs and goals.

Embracing probiotics is about much more than just swallowing a capsule or enjoying a yogurt—it’s about fostering a better relationship with your body, understanding its needs, and creating an environment where you and your microbial allies can thrive together. Here’s to a happier, healthier gut!

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